Best Programming Languages in 2021

Purvesh P. shende
5 min readJan 23, 2021


Photo by James Harrison on Unsplash

It’s a new year, a time when many technologists are considering which new skills and programming languages to learn. So here I’m with this blog.

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#1 Python –

Python image by Icons8

Currently the most popular programming language on this planet 🌎 is Python .It was designed for readability, and has some similarities to the English language. Python is an interpreted, high-level ,general-purpose and object-oriented programming language. It is free , open source and python has a huge community support. Python is the most easy language in implementation in AI, Machine learning and data science.

Common uses of python –

  • Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence
  • Internet of things
  • Data Science and Data Visualization.
  • Desktop GUI
  • Web Development
  • Game Development
  • Business Applications & many more..

Companies that love ❤️ Python –

  • Google
  • Facebook
  • Instagram
  • Spotify
  • Netflix & many more ..

#2 JavaScript –

JavaScript image by Icons8

One of the top and most popular programming language is JavaScript. Java and JavaScript are exactly opposite just like a cat has nothing to do with catfish, JavaScript has nothing to do with java. It doesn’t require compilation and is interpreted with object-oriented capabilities. Also, it works with various other programming languages. And this is the reason for its vast use all around the world.
JavaScript use in developing great backend and frontend web apps as well as Native apps using frameworks like React Native, JavaScript allows users to interact with web pages.

Common uses of JavaScript–

  • Adding interactive behavior to web pages
  • Creating web and mobile apps
  • Building web servers and developing server applications
  • Game development
  • Flying Robots & many more..

Companies that love ❤️ JavaScript–

  • Microsoft
  • Netflix
  • PayPal
  • Google
  • Uber & Many more

#3 Java –

Java image by Icons8

One of the most popular programming language in the world is Java. It is a class-based, object-oriented programming language and is designed to have as few implementation dependencies as possible. A general-purpose programming language made for developers to write once run anywhere that is compiled Java code can run on all platforms that support Java and that’s the region more than 3 billion devices run Java. Java works on different platforms (Windows, Mac, Linux, Raspberry Pi, etc.) It has a huge community support.

Common uses of Java–

  • Android Apps
  • Server Apps at the Financial Services Industry
  • Java Web applications
  • Software Tools
  • Embedded Space
  • Big Data technologies & Many more ..

Companies that love ❤️ Java–

  • Google
  • Intel
  • Netflix
  • LinkedIn
  • Amazon
  • Phillips & many more..

#4 Kotlin –

Kotlin image by Icons8

whenever there is a talk of android app development — the name of ‘Kotlin’ undoubtedly comes first! Though, a huge inclination of developers towards Kotlin is noticed after Google declared it as its preferred language for Android application development. Kotlin is a statically typed general-purpose programming language that supports object-oriented as well as functional programming feature.

Common uses of Kotlin–

  • App development
  • Server side & Client side web development
  • support for other platforms such as embedded systems, macOS and iOS is coming.

Companies that love ❤️ Kotlin–

  • Google
  • Amazon
  • Netflix
  • Pinterest
  • Uber
  • Foursquare
  • Trello

#5 c++ –

C++ image by Icons8

C ++ one of the most popular programming language in the competitive world as well as development world . C++ is a cross-platform language that can be used to create high-performance applications. C++ was developed by Bjarne Stroustrup, as an extension to the C language. C++ gives programmers a high level of control over system resources and memory.

Common uses of C++ –

  • Games
  • GUI Based Applications
  • Database Software
  • Operating Systems
  • Browsers
  • Banking Applications
  • Cloud/Distributed System
  • Embedded Systems & many more..

Companies that love ❤️ C++ –

  • Apple
  • Google
  • Maya
  • Infosys
  • Mozilla Firefox & many more ..

#6 Go –

Go image by Icons8

Go also known as Golang is an open source, compiled and statically typed programming language developed by Google Go is a general-purpose programming language with a simple syntax and is backed by a robust standard library. One of the key areas where Go shines is the creation of highly available and scalable web apps ,command-line applications, desktop apps and even mobile applications.

Common uses of Go –

  • Command line applications
  • Desktop apps
  • Mobile apps

Companies that love ❤️ Go –

  • Google
  • Uber
  • Twitch
  • Dailymotion & Many more ..

#7 Ruby -

Ruby by Icons8

A dynamic, open source programming language with a focus on simplicity and productivity. It has an elegant syntax that is natural to read and easy to write. Ruby is a pure Object-Oriented language developed by Yukihiro Matsumoto in the mid 1990’s in Japan. Ruby has similar syntax to that of many programming languages like C and Java, so it is easy for Java and C programmers to learn. It supports mostly all the platforms like Windows, Mac, Linux. frameworks like Ruby on Rails helps developers to build websites and applications, providing structure for all the code they write.

Common uses of Ruby–

  • Web development
  • Text processing
  • Network programming
  • General programming
  • GUI applications
  • Data analysis & many more..

Companies that love ❤️ Ruby–

  • GitHub
  • Apple
  • Twitter
  • Airbnb & many more..

#8 C# -

C# by Icons8

For the last many years, C# is holding a good position in the list of top programming languages of almost every index. It is an object-oriented programming language created by Microsoft that runs on the .NET Framework. C# is close to other popular languages like C++ and Java. It is easy to learn and simple to use. C# has huge community support.

Common uses of C#–

  • Mobile applications
  • Desktop applications
  • Web services
  • VR
  • Games & many more..

Companies that love ❤️ C#–

  • Microsoft
  • Accenture
  • Alibaba Travels
  • Stack Overflow & many more..

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Purvesh P. shende

Android Devloper | web Devloper | Opensource❤